Improving sparse representation-based classification using local principal component analysis (with C. Weaver), in Computational Intelligence for Pattern Recognition (W. Pedrycz and S.-M. Chen, eds.), pp.165-206, Springer, 2018.


Sparse representation-based classification (SRC), proposed by Wright et al., seeks the sparsest decomposition of a test sample over the dictionary of training samples, with classification to the most-contributing class. Because it assumes test samples can be written as linear combinations of their same-class training samples, the success of SRC depends on the size and representativeness of the training set. Our proposed classification algorithm enlarges the training set by using local principal component analysis to approximate the basis vectors of the tangent hyperplane of the class manifold at each training sample. The dictionary in SRC is replaced by a local dictionary that adapts to the test sample and includes training samples and their corresponding tangent basis vectors. We use a synthetic data set and three face databases to demonstrate that this method can achieve higher classification accuracy than SRC in cases of sparse sampling, nonlinear class manifolds, and stringent dimension reduction.

Keywords: sparse representation, local principal component analysis, dictionary learning, classification, face recognition, class manifold

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