Rates of convergence for the approximation of dual shift-invariant systems in $l^2(Z)$

Thomas Strohmer

A shift-invariant system is a collection of functions $\{g_{m,n}\}$ of the form $g_{m,n}(k) = g_m(k-an)$. Such systems play an important role in time-frequency analysis and digital signal processing. A principal problem is to find a dual system $\gamma_{m,n}(k) = \gamma_m(k-an)$ such that each function $f$ can be written as $f = \sum \langle f, \gamma_{m,n} \rangle g_{m,n}$. The mathematical theory usually addresses this problem in infinite dimensions (typically in $L^2(R)$ or $l^2(Z)$), whereas numerical methods have to operate with a finite-dimensional model. Exploiting the link between the frame operator and Laurent operators with matrix-valued symbol, we apply the finite section method to show that the dual functions obtained by solving a finite-dimensional problem converge to the dual functions of the original infinite-dimensional problem in $l^2(Z)$. For compactly supported $g_{m,n}$ (FIR filter banks) we prove an exponential rate of convergence and derive explicit expressions for the involved constants. Further we investigate under which conditions one can replace the discrete model of the finite section method by the periodic discrete model, which is used in many numerical procedures. Again we provide explicit estimates for the speed of convergence. Some remarks on tight frames complete the paper.

Download the paper as a GNU-ziped postscript file (138453 bytes).