Mathematics Colloquia and Seminars

Return to Colloquia & Seminar listing

Phase coupling estimation in coupled oscillator systems

Mathematical Biology

Speaker: Kilian Koepsell, UC Berkeley
Location: 1147 MSB
Start time: Tue, May 12 2009, 12:10PM

Coupled oscillators are prevalent throughout the physical world. Dynamical system formulations of weakly coupled oscillator systems have proven effective at capturing the properties of real-world systems. However, these formulations usually deal with the `forward problem': simulating a system from known coupling parameters. Here we provide a solution to the `inverse problem': determining the coupling parameters from measurements. Starting from the dynamic equations of a system of coupled phase oscillators, given by a nonlinear Langevin equation, we derive the corresponding equilibrium distribution. This formulation leads us to the maximum entropy distribution that captures pair-wise phase relationships. To solve the inverse problem for this distribution, we derive a closed form solution for estimating the phase coupling parameters from observed phase statistics. Through simulations, we show that the algorithm performs well in high dimensions (d=100) and in cases with limited data (as few as 100 samples per dimension). Because the distribution serves as the maximum entropy solution for pairwise phase statistics, the distribution and estimation technique can be broadly applied to phase coupling estimation in any system of phase oscillators.