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Buildings, spiders, and geometric Satake

Algebra & Discrete Mathematics

Speaker: Greg Kuperberg, UC Davis
Location: 2112 MSB
Start time: Fri, Sep 30 2011, 2:10PM

Louis Kauffman found a special description of the Jones polynomial and the representation theory of $U_q(\mathfrak{sl}(2))$ in which each skein space has a basis of planar matchings. There is a similar calculus (discovered independently by myself and the late François Jaeger) for each of the three rank 2 simple Lie algebras $A_2$, B_2$, and $G_2$. These skein theories, called ``spiders", can also be viewed as Gr\"obner-type presentations of pivotal categories. In each of the four cases (optionally also including the semisimple case $A_1 \times A_1$), the Gr\"obner basis property yields a basis of skein diagrams called ``webs". The basis webs are defined by an interesting non-positive curvature condition. I will discuss a new connection between these spiders and the geometric Satake correspondence, which relates the representation category of a simple Lie algebra to an affine building of the Langlands dual algebra. In particular, any such building is $\CAT(0)$, which seems to explain the non-positive curvature of basis webs.