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### Using 2-torsion to obstruct topological isotopy

**Geometry/Topology**

Speaker: | Hannah Schwartz, Bryn Mawr |

Related Webpage: | http://hrschwartz11.wixsite.com/hannahrschwartz |

Location: | 2112 MSB |

Start time: | Tue, Oct 2 2018, 1:30PM |

It is well known that two knots in the 3-sphere are ambiently isotopic if and only if there is an orientation preserving automorphism of the 3-sphere carrying one knot to the other. In this talk, we will examine a family of smooth 4-manifolds in which the analogue of this fact does not hold, i.e. each manifold contains a pair of smoothly embedded, homotopic 2-spheres that are related by a diffeomorphism, but not smoothly isotopic. In particular, the presence of 2-torsion in the fundamental groups of these 4-manifolds can be used to obstruct even a topological isotopy between the 2-spheres; this shows that Gabai's recent "4D Lightbulb Theorem" does not hold without the 2-torsion hypothesis.